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Specific Objectives for Subprojects

by Eve-Liis Roosmaa last modified 2005-10-10 19:12

Subproject 1: Review of literature and policy documents

By analysing national policy documents addressing lifelong learning in participating countries we seek above all:

  • to assess critically the concept of "lifelong learning" and corresponding conceptualisations of a "learning/knowledge society" and of the "learning citizen" at the level of European (EU) policy-making, policy documents and policy directions as well at country levels;

  • to examine the extent to which different models of lifelong learning (for example generator of human capital, generator of social capital, means of personal growth, progressive political force) apply in European, national and local contexts;

  • to develop a typology of policy measures focusing on lifelong learning policy;

  • to identify patterns of lifelong learning undertaken in formal and informal contexts and the structures which support these;

  • to map the range of initiatives to encourage the participation of socially excluded groups in lifelong learning;

  • to critically evaluate the impact of a range of initiatives on local community health, housing and welfare needs.

Deliverable and milestones:
Submission of international report 1 on most effective approaches with policy recommendations - Month 12

Subproject 2: Research I (individual aspect): Researching participation and non-participation of adults in formal learning (basic, secondary, vocational schools, and universities) on the basis of Eurostat Adult Education Survey (2006-2007) (or Ad hoc module of lifelong learning of EU-LFS)

The general objective of this subproject is to study the participation and non-participation of adults in formal learning activities (vocational training, different forms of basic, secondary and tertiary education) in the different European countries. In the focus of the subproject are the following research problems:

  • to determine the basic pattern of participation in the various types of formal learning leading to different marketable degrees, for adults living in different European countries;

  • to highlight the financial, cultural, regional and demographic causes of non-participation (or less intensive participation) for certain vulnerable groups (e.g. individuals with low initial education, non-employed people, mid- (and late) career workers in insecure or/and low paid job position);

  • to outline the cross-country differences in motivation (e.g. finding a job, better career prospects in a the job, skill accumulation in order to avoid of lagging behind) for undertaking additional training, and attitudes toward lifelong learning;

  • to reveal the underlying causal factors of cross-country differences related to country-specific forms of initial and adult educational system as well as to the local labor market demand for the various forms of adult learning;

  • to develop European typology of basic patterns of participation in lifelong learning.

Deliverable and milestones:
Submission of comparative report 5 based on the analysis of Eurostat Adult Education Survey - Month 56

Subproject 3: Research II (individual aspect): Survey of adults studying in the formal education system (basic, secondary and tertiary level)


  • obtaining in-depth comparative information about adult learners' perspectives (demand side) of formal provision for LLL. This includes the expectations and attitudes towards LLL, obstacles to access and support received, determinants of choice behaviour, evaluation of the ongoing training, etc;

  • testing different hypotheses about the causes of unequal participation, with a particular focus on low-skilled and low-literate adults (examined obstacles would include health, housing, childcare, welfare and migration needs).

Deliverable and milestones:
Submission of comparative report 3 based on the analysis of data of adult learners survey – Month 42

Subproject 4: Research III (institutional aspect) SME and the participation of workers in formal learning: Interviews with SME management


  • to clarify the role of employers in developing access and motivation of employees to participate in LLL;

  • to identify approaches to improving the financial incentives for small and medium enterprises to invest in adult general education;

  • to clarify the main obstacles (for example tax policy, financial etc) as well as the instruments for promotion of LLL (for example, career guidance, HRM-tools etc.);

  • to develop recommendations to increase participation of employees in LLL within SMEs.

Deliverable and milestones:
Comparative report (report 2) on selected transferable measures, instruments and good practices to increase motivation and participation in LLL for SMEs addressed to national and international stakeholders (social partners, EC) - Month 36

Subproject 5: Research IV (Institutional aspect) Interviews with (vocational, secondary) schools and universities management, officials and other stakeholders in adult education


  • to clarify the role of educational institutions for promotion of the access of adults to the education system;

  • to clarify main obstacles for establishment a mechanism for the recognition of prior non-formal learning and work experience for opening access of adults to the education system;

  • to examine the range of supports available to disadvantaged mature students in the educational institutions (e.g., writing skills workshops, counselling services, financial hardship fund, childcare services);

  • to examine the strategic plans of the educational institutions to develop access and participation of ethnic minority groups, and marginalized adults;

  • to examine the role of universities and other stakeholders in adult education in developing leaders as agents of change in socially excluded communities (including a voice for community leaders regarding health, housing and welfare needs of the local and/or ethnic community).

Deliverable and milestone:
Submission of comparative report 4 - Month 48

The list of deliverables will include:

  • A general report aimed at a broad public of scientists, policy-makers and other stakeholders.

  • 5 comparative reports based on the results of subprojects.

  • A series of scientific working papers based on the data generated by the project.

  • A multipurpose project web-site.

  • A documented database containing the results of the survey of adult learners.

  • The documented methodology and research infrastructure used in the data collection, available for use by other researchers wishing to extend or reproduce the study in other countries or at later point in time.

  • Benchmarking on key indicators.

  • Briefing for key policy bodies on the main findings and policy implications of the study.

  • Briefing Papers reporting interim results emerging from the project.

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